• October 2018
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My company was formed as an LLC. The incubator wants us to reform as a C-Corp. Is this really necessary for future funding?

Generally angel investors and VC’s prefer investing in C-Corps.

And what about LLC’s?

LLCs are much less formal and more flexible business-structure-wise than C-Corps, avoid a “double-tax” (just taxed once on a personal income tax level), and protect entrepreneurs from personal liability. BUT, for accounting/tax purposes LLC’s are taxed as partnerships (making the operating very long and complex); LLCs are tough/expensive to convert to C-Corps and angel and VC’s rarely deal with them; the capital structure isn’t flexible like it is in a C-Corp.

The Advantages of a C Corp

  1. Shields entrepreneurs from personal liability
  2. VCs don’t generally invest in “pass-through entities” such as LLCs or S-Corps for tax purposes
  3. Cheaper to set up than an LLC in states that require publication fees for LLC’s.
  4. Flexible stock structure/easy to issue different classes of stock, also easy for investors to use different financial documents (like convertible notes, SAFES, warrants, subordinated debt)
  5. Best structure to raise equity capital through crowdfunding sites like Kickstarter
  6. Maximize medical coverage tax deductions
  7. Easier to get foreign investors (S corporations, by definition, cannot have any nonresident alien shareholders.)
  8. Minimize employment taxes.- shareholder-employees of S and C corporations pay FICA (Social Security and Medicare) taxes only on wages they receive.

The Disadvantages of a C corp

  1. Can potentially be expensive (if the corporation is doing business in a state different from the state of incorporation)
  2. A lot of corporate formalities/record keeping requirements, compared to an LLC, which is contract based.
  3. Double-taxation (corporate and personal income tax), since a C-Corp isn’t a “pass-through entity”, like an LLC or a S-Corp.

Hope that helps! Feel free to reach out if you have any questions and feel free to stop by LawTrades to make that switch from LLC to C-Corp.

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